Is Q fever self limiting?
Acute Q fever in symptomatic children typically is characterized by a febrile illness, often accompanied by headache, weakness, cough, and other nonspecific systemic symptoms. Illness frequently is self-limited, although a relapsing febrile illness lasting for several months has been documented in some children (66).
Is Q fever reportable?
Q fever was made a nationally notifiable disease in the United States in 1999. CDC compiles the number of cases reported by state and local health departments and reports national trends.
How do you check for Q fever?
During the acute phase of illness, a sample of whole blood (or serum at some laboratories) can be tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to determine if a patient has Q fever. This method is most sensitive in the first week of illness (before the appearance of C.
Who is at most risk for developing clinical Q fever?
Risk factors for chronic Q fever The risk of eventually developing the more deadly form of Q fever is increased in people who have: Heart valve disease. Blood vessel abnormalities. Weakened immune systems.
What is the incubation period of Q fever?
Incubation period is typically 2–3 weeks but may be shorter after exposure to large numbers of organisms. The most common presentation of acute infection is a self-limiting influenzalike illness, with pneumonia or hepatitis in more severe acute infections.
Is Chronic Q fever fatal?
Chronic Q fever is serious and can be deadly if not treated correctly. Chronic Q fever infection requires months of antibiotic treatment. Chronic Q fever is more likely to occur in people with heart valve disease, blood vessel abnormalities, or in people with weakened immune systems.
What is the incubation period for Q fever?
The incubation period is typically 14–21 days, although the range is from 3 to 30 days.
What does the Q in Q fever stand for?
Q fever (the Q stands for query) is a disease caused by the bacterium, Coxiella burnetii (Cox-EE-ell-uh bur- net-EE-eye). The disease is found worldwide, except for New Zealand. It can cause reproduction problems in livestock and severe respiratory (lung) and liver disease in humans.
Can you get Q fever again?
Sometimes Q fever can persist or come back. This can lead to more serious complications if the infection affects your: heart.
Can you get Q fever more than once?
Why is it called Q fever?
…an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Coxiella burnetii that affects both humans and animals. The “Q” comes from “query” fever, the name of the disease until its true cause was discovered in the 1930s. Q fever can be a mild illness or a more severe disease that can cause death.