Where do shoulder joint muscles insert?

Together the rotator cuff muscles form a musculotendinous cuff as they insert on the proximal humerus. The infraspinatus muscle originates from the infraspinatus fossa below the spine of the scapula and inserts on the greater tubercle of the proximal humerus below the supraspinatus tendon.

What is the insertion of the shoulder muscles?


Muscle Origin Insertion
Deltoid Clavicle (Acromion) & Scapular Spine Humerus (Deltoid Tuberosity)
Supraspinatus Supraspinous Fossa of the Scapula Greater Tubercle of the Humerus
Teres Major Inf. Angle of Scapula Intertubercular Groove of the Humerus
Infraspinatus Infraspinous Fossa Greater Tubercle of the Humerus

What is the origin of the shoulder muscles?

The intrinsic muscles (also known as the scapulohumeral group) originate from the scapula and/or clavicle, and attach to the humerus. There are six muscles in this group – the deltoid, teres major, and the four rotator cuff muscles (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis and teres minor).

What is the origin and insertion of the rotator cuff?

Its origin is along the fossa that makes up most of the “wing” of the scapula and it inserts on the lesser tubercle of the humerus bone.

What are the three shoulder muscles called?

The shoulder has multiple muscles. Shoulder muscles include the intrinsic muscles or scapulohumeral group, including the deltoid, teres major and four rotator cuff muscles. The extrinsic shoulder muscles are the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, levator scapula and rhomboids (rhomboid major and rhomboid minor).

How many muscles do we have in the shoulder?

Anatomy of the shoulder There are about 20 muscles supporting the shoulder and allowing it to turn and rotate in many directions.

What are the 4 muscles of rotator cuff?

Each one of these muscles is part of the rotator cuff and plays an important role:

  • Supraspinatus. This holds your humerus in place and keeps your upper arm stable.
  • Infraspinatus. This is the main muscle that lets you rotate and extend your shoulder.
  • Teres Minor. This is the smallest rotator cuff muscle.
  • Subscapularis.

What muscles are affected in a rotator cuff tear?

The rotator cuff is a series of 4 muscles in the shoulder that form a cuff of tissue around the humerus bone in the shoulder joint. These muscles provide rotational strength to the shoulder. Tears in the tendons of these muscles are called rotator cuff tears. The most commonly affected muscle is the supraspinatus.

What is meant by the origin and insertion of muscles?

Origin and insertion are two ends of a muscle that attach to a bone . Origin is the attachment end to the immovable bone while insertion is the attachment end to a more movable bone. So, this is the key difference between origin and insertion. Origin is closer to the centre of the body while insertion is furthest to the centre of the body.

What are the internal rotators of the shoulder?

The internal rotators of the shoulder are muscles attaching to the humerus that internally rotate the arm: latissimus dorsi: originates on the lower thoracic and lumbar vertebrae as well as iliac crest. It attaches to the inferior angle of the scapula as it travels up to insert on the humerus.

What is the definition of muscle origin?

Muscle origin is a term referring to one end of a muscle, generally at the location where it attaches to a bone. The main part of the muscle called the belly of the muscle, then crosses over the gap between this bone and another usually adjacent bone – to attach there.

What is the action of muscle?

The basic action of any muscle is contraction. For example, when you think about moving your arm using your biceps muscle, your brain sends a signal down a nerve cell telling your biceps muscle to contract. The amount of force that the muscle creates varies — the muscle can contract a little or a lot depending on the signal that the nerve sends.

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