What are capabilities according to Amartya Sen?

Capability refers to the set of valuable functionings that a person has effective access to. Thus, a person’s capability represents the effective freedom of an individual to choose between different functioning combinations – between different kinds of life – that she has reason to value.

What is the relationship between capabilities and human rights?

As an approach to public policy, the capability approach highlights the critical importance of the substantive freedoms and opportunities of individuals and groups, whilst the human rights approach highlights the importance of values such as freedom, dignity and respect, equality and non‐discrimination, participation …

What is Amartya Sen’s theory?

Amartya Sen’s capability theory approach is a theoretical framework that involves two core normative claims. First, the assumption that freedom to achieve well-being is of primary moral importance. And second, that freedom to achieve well-being must be understood in terms of people with capabilities.

What are basic capabilities?

A person’s ‘capability-set’ denotes the set of capabilities that he or she can choose from, while the term ‘basic capabilities’ refers either to “the innate equipment of individuals that is necessary for developing the more advanced capabilities”, such as the capability of speech and language, which is present in a …

What according to Amartya Sen is significant for those who live in India?

Amartya Sen is famous for his significant contributions to welfare economics (for which he was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in economics), including his development of more sophisticated measures of poverty, and for his work on the causes and prevention of famines.

What is the purpose of capability approach?

The main reason why the capability approach holds that it is better to focus on the ends rather than the means, is that people differ in their ability to convert means into valuable opportunities (capabilities) or outcomes (functionings) (Sen 1992: 26–28, 36–38).

In which field did Amartya Sen contribute to the world?

Amartya Sen, (born November 3, 1933, Santiniketan, India), Indian economist who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory and for his interest in the problems of society’s poorest members.

When did Amartya Sen develop the capability approach?

Amartya Sen had an extensive background in development economics, social choice theory (for which he received the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economics), and philosophy before developing the Capability Approach during the 1980s.

What did Amartya Sen say about human rights?

THE NEED FOR A ‘THEORY’ Amartya Sen’s much awaited comprehensive statement concerning a theory of human rights is now at hand in his ‘Elements of a Theory of Human Rights1’. Of course, Sen had lots to say earlier concerning rights and said it with inestimable perspicuity2. His most recent statement reiterates many of his earlier stances.

Which is the best book by Amartya Sen?

Sen A. Children and Human Rights. Indian Journal of Human Development. 2007;1 (2). Sen A. Asian Immensities, in Sixtieth Anniversary United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific. ; 2007. Sen A.

What did Upendra Baxi say about Amartya Sen?

Upendra Baxi, ‘Amartya Sen and Human Rights’ [unproofed and pre-final version.] 1 Upendra Baxi Amartya Sen and Human Rights 1. THE NEED FOR A ‘THEORY’ Amartya Sen’s much awaited comprehensive statement concerning a theory of human rights is now at hand in his ‘Elements of a Theory of Human Rights1’.

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