What is an Antrectomy?

Antrectomy (distal gastrectomy) is a procedure in which the distal third of the stomach (the gastric or pyloric antrum) is excised. Gastrectomies are further defined by the type of reconstruction used to reestablish gastrointestinal (GI) continuity.

What is the purpose of billroth?

The surgical procedure is called a partial gastrectomy and gastrojejunostomy. The Billroth II is often indicated in refractory peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma….

Billroth II
Anatomy after a partial gastrectomy
Other names Billroth’s operation II
ICD-9-CM 43.7

What is billroth gastroduodenostomy?

Billroth I anastomosis (B-I), or gastroduodenostomy, is a popular reconstructive procedure performed after a distal gastrectomy for the treatment of gastric cancer.

What is the purpose of Gastroduodenostomy?

Gastroduodenostomy is a surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum. This procedure may be performed in cases of stomach cancer or in the case of a malfunctioning pyloric valve.

What is a Billroth II Gastrojejunostomy?

Billroth II gastrojejunostomy is a procedure that has been performed for tumor or severe ulcer disease in the distal stomach.

What happens to the body after Billroth II reconstruction?

Reflux gastritis, which occurs mainly after Billroth II (BII) reconstruction, causes long-term distress, impairs patient quality of life, and may lead to increased risk of metachronous cancer development [7, 8].

What kind of gastrectomy is performed with Billroth 1?

Distal Gastrectomy with Billroth I or Billroth Ii Reconstruction. According to the type of disease (ulcer or carcinoma) and the location of the basic disease (duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer, high-gastric ulcer), they are performed as antral, two-thirds, four-fifths, or high subtotal gastrectomy.

Who was the first person to have an antrectomy?

The first antrectomy for gastric cancer was performed by Ludwik Rydygier in 1880 [ 1 ]. The patient lived for 12 hours, passing away from postoperative shock. The first antrectomy in which the patient survived the operation was performed by Theodor Billroth in 1881 [ 1 ]. The patient subsequently passed away from metastatic disease.

Which is worse Billroth I or Roux-en-Y reconstruction?

Billroth I reconstruction was associated with a higher rate of reflux esophagitis than Roux-en-Y reconstruction, as well as a significantly poorer quality of life on the diarrhea scale.

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