What are venous pulsations?

Spontaneous retinal venous pulsations (SVPs) are rhythmic variations in the calibre of one or more of the retinal veins as they cross the optic disc. SVPs may be subtle and are often limited to a small segment of only one vein.

What does spontaneous venous pulsation mean?

Spontaneous venous pulsation (SVP) is a result of the variation in the pressure gradient along the retinal vein as it traverses the lamina cribrosa. [1] When the intracranial pressure (ICP) rises, the intracranial pulse pressure also rises to equal the intraocular pulse pressure and the SVP ceases.

Is spontaneous venous pulsation normal?

These findings confirm that the presence of spontaneous venous pulsations is a reliable indicator of an intracranial pressure below 180 to 190 mm H2O, while the absence of pulsations may be found with normal intracranial pressure and is therefore not a reliable guide to raised intracranial pressure.

How does ICP cause papilledema?

Papilledema results from orthograde axoplasmic flow stasis at the optic nerve head leading to edema of the nerve from the increased intracranial pressure pressing on the nerve behind the eye.

Can see vein pulsing under eye?

Fatigue, stress, eye strain, and caffeine or alcohol consumption, seem to be the most common sources of eye twitching. Eye strain, or vision-related stress, can occur if you need glasses, a change in prescription, or are consistently working in front of a computer.

Is spontaneous venous pulsation bad?

The Detection of Spontaneous Venous Pulsation with Smartphone Video Ophthalmoscopy. Purpose: Spontaneous venous pulsation (SVP) has a high negative predictive value for raised intracranial pressure and is a useful sign when assessing patients with headache.

Why do I feel a throbbing in my eye?

How do I stop the pulsing veins under my eyes?


  1. Relax. Try to eliminate stress in your daily life.
  2. Limit caffeine. 1
  3. Rest.
  4. Apply warm compresses to the twitching eye and gently massage the eyelid with your fingers.
  5. Try over-the-counter oral or topical (eye drop) antihistamines to slow the eyelid muscle contractions.

When to use the term papilledema for optic nerve swelling?

While the term papilledema is often used broadly to denote a swollen optic nerve head, the term papilledema should be reserved for optic disc swelling that is due to raised intracranial pressure. This topic will provide an overview and differential diagnosis of papilledema.

How many patients have Spontaneous venous pulsations?

Spontaneous venous pulsations were present in 87.6% of 146 unselected subjects 20 to 90 years of age and absent in 100% of 33 patients with raised intracranial pressure without papilledema and ten patients with papilledema.

What’s the difference between papilledema and optic disc drusen?

Papilledema must also be distinguished from pseudo-papilledema such as optic disc drusen. Since the root cause of papilledema is increased intracranial pressure (ICP) this is an alarming sign which may presage such entities as brain tumor, CNS inflammation, or idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).

What are the symptoms of severe papilledema in patients?

In patients with severe papilledema, visual field deficits are common. Most patients with severe papilledema have visual dysfunction, including decreased color vision, visual field defects, and abnormal contrast sensitivity. Visual acuity may be affected last . B-scan ultrasonography may show a hyperechoic signal corresponding to disc drusen.

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