What was Louis Sullivan known for?
Louis Sullivan, in full Louis Henry Sullivan, (born September 3, 1856, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.—died April 14, 1924, Chicago, Illinois), American architect, regarded as the spiritual father of modern American architecture and identified with the aesthetics of early skyscraper design.
What is a jewel box bank?
Sullivan designed eight of these small, rural banks between 1902 and 1920. The “jewel box” nickname, given to his first in Owatonna, Minnesota, referred to its modern, box-like shape and its richly ornamented interior.
Why did Louis Sullivan fire?
Shortly after working with Silsbee, Wright left for a position as an apprentice in Adler & Sullivan’s office. Between Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan, a close teacher-disciple relationship ensued, which was broken in 1893 when Sullivan fired Wright after learning that he had been taking personal work in secret.
What is the Merchants National Bank in Grinnell Iowa known for?
The Merchants’ National Bank (1914) building is a historic commercial building located in Grinnell, Iowa. It is one of a series of small banks designed by Louis Sullivan in the Midwest between 1909 and 1919….Merchants’ National Bank.
|January 7, 1976
How did Louis Sullivan impact society?
Through his exploration of organic ornamentation and steel-frame construction, Sullivan became a vocal advocate for the development of uniquely American architectural forms. He used natural ornament as a metaphor for a democratic society.
Who design jewel box banks give brief?
The Merchants National Bank building is one of the eight Midwestern “jewel-box” banks designed by Louis Sullivan, legendary American architect and mentor of Frank Lloyd Wright.
When did Frank Lloyd Wright visit Japan?
He made his first trip to Japan in 1905, travelled there again in 1913, and between 1917 and 1922, he spent almost three full years there as the architect of the New Imperial Hotel in Tokyo (demolished 1968), during which time he also added to an extraordinary personal collection of screens, textiles, pottery, lacquer.
Who is referred to as the father of modernism?
Louis Henry Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, and has been called a “father of skyscrapers” and “father of modernism”.
Did Louis Sullivan like ornaments?
He used natural ornament as a metaphor for a democratic society. For Sullivan, a building should respond to its own particular environment, just as a plant would grow “naturally, logically, and poetically out of all its conditions.”
How did Sullivan influence Wright?
A common thread in many of Wright’s famous works is a large, central fireplace. Louis Sullivan strongly believed a building’s essential nature could only be expressed through facade composition and organic ornamentation. Wright would do just that with his design for Winslow.
Where was the First Bank Louis H Sullivan designed?
National Farmers’ Bank in Owatonna, Minnesota. Carl Bennett was the first banker to commission Sullivan to design a new building for National Farmers’ Bank in Owatonna, Minnesota, a farming town on the state’s southeastern prairie.
Where did Louis H Sullivan do most of his work?
From 1906 to 1919 he designed banks, commercial buildings, and residences that transformed the architecture of rural downtowns and forged a new trend in Midwestern architecture in the early 20th century. National Farmers’ Bank in Owatonna, Minnesota.
Where did Louis H Sullivan build his jewel box bank?
It was the first of what would become known as his “jewel box” banks—a series of eight banks in rural Midwest communities. With a massive sandstone base and large stained glass-filled arched windows, Sullivan transformed the streetscape of downtown Owatonna with his two-story cubical bank.
When did Louis Sullivan move to Chicago from New York?
Sullivan moved to Chicago in 1873 to take part in the building boom following the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. He worked for William LeBaron Jenney, the architect often credited with erecting the first steel frame building.