What is FARC and ELN?

The Colombian conflict (Spanish: Conflicto armado interno de Colombia) began on May 27, 1964, and is a low-intensity asymmetric war between the government of Colombia, far-right paramilitary groups, crime syndicates, and far-left guerrilla groups such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the National …

What are FARC guerrillas?

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People’s Army (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia—Ejército del Pueblo, FARC–EP and FARC) was a guerrilla group involved in the continuing Colombian conflict starting in 1964.

Is the ELN still active?

The National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional – ELN) is one of the two main guerrilla armies with left-wing political ideologies operating in Colombia. Initially a Marxist-Leninist nationalist movement, it now appears more focused on kidnapping, extortion and attacks on economic infrastructure.

What is ELN Venezuela?

Marxist guerrillas from the National Liberation Army, known as the ELN, Latin America’s largest remaining rebel group, began crossing into Venezuela’s portion of the peninsula last year from Colombia, where they have been at war with the government for more than 50 years. GUAJIRA PENINSULA. Caribbean.

Do drug cartels still exist in Colombia?

The illegal drug trade in Colombia has, since the 1970s, centered successively on four major drug trafficking cartels: Medellin, Cali, Norte del Valle, and North Coast, as well as several bandas criminales, or BACRIMs.

How does FARC make money?

The FARC used the drug trade to become institutionally wealthy; this institutional wealth was used to further its political objectives. The FARC was able to leverage the support of the local population into territo- rial control, which led to economic growth, and then military strength.

Is FARC Marxist?

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), a Marxist-Leninist guerrilla group, was founded by Manuel Marulanda and Jacobo Arenas in 1964. The group was formed to represent the rural population’s interests following the Colombian civil war from 1948 to 1958.

How many FARC members have been killed?

Since FARC fighters disarmed in 2017 as part of the peace deal, a total of 253 have been killed, including four already in 2021. Since demobilising in 2017, former rebel fighter Manuel Antonio Gonzalez has faced numerous death threats and lost his son in a bloody murder.

Is ELN still active in Colombia?

The National Liberation Army (Spanish: Ejército de Liberación Nacional, ELN) is a revolutionary left-wing armed group involved in the continuing Colombian conflict, which has existed in Colombia since 1964….National Liberation Army (Colombia)

National Liberation Army
Part of Simón Bolívar Guerrilla Coordinating Board

What does ELN stand for?

equity-linked note
An equity-linked note (ELN) is an investment product that combines a fixed-income investment with additional potential returns that are tied to the performance of equities.

Where did ELN and FARC meet in 2018?

According to InSight Crime, the ELN and FARC dissidents allegedly met together in Venezuela to form a potential alliance in October 2018. Sources based in the Arauca department in Colombia provided the information, with reports that the groups would participate in illicit activity together.

Who is the leader of the FARC rebel group?

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc) The Farc is the oldest and largest group among Colombia’s left-wing rebels and is one of the world’s richest guerrilla armies. Image caption Alfonso Cano, the Farc’s main leader since 2008, was killed in November 2011.

Who are the leaders of the ELN in Colombia?

Unlike the FARC, whose leadership started out peasant-based and close to Colombia’s Soviet-aligned Communist Party, the ELN was founded chiefly by radical students who had trained in post-revolutionary Cuba.

What kind of economy does the ELN have?

While different fronts vary in their levels of involvement with drug trafficking, this criminal economy is a mainstay for the ELN. The group has also prospered since the demobilization of the FARC since their peace agreement with the Colombian government.

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