What is collective bargaining in industrial relations?

Collective bargaining is a key means through which employers and their organizations and trade unions can establish fair wages and working conditions. Collective agreements may also address the rights and responsibilities of the parties thus ensuring harmonious and productive industries and workplaces.

Why collective bargaining is important in industrial relation?

Collective bargaining is an important element in industrial relations. Collective bargaining helps to make the relationship between employees and employers smooth. A strong bond between the employers and employees contribute to the successful working of the company.

How do good industrial relations lead to industrial democracy?

The significance of industrial relations can be summarized as below: It establishes industrial democracy: Industrial relations means settling employees problems through collective bargaining, mutual cooperation and mutual agreement amongst the parties i.e., management and employees unions.

Does industrial relations include collective bargaining?

International Labour Organization (ILO) standards promote collective bargaining and help to ensure that good labour relations benefit everyone. Collective bargaining is concerned with the relations between trade unions and governments or management (leadership) of organizations.

What is collective bargaining and its types?

Collective bargaining is the process where a group of employees ‘collectively’ negotiate with the employer. It will then negotiate a retail wide agreement for its workers across the industry. For example, this may be a minimum wage, basic benefits, or certain working conditions.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of collective bargaining?

Collective bargaining agreements will usually result in a higher level of pay for a worker. There may also be improvements in the quality and cost of worker benefits. If neither is improved, then there is still the potential to improve the safety and working conditions that are found in the workplace.

What is meant by industrial democracy?

Industrial democracy is an arrangement which involves workers making decisions, sharing responsibility and authority in the workplace.

Why is industrial relation necessary?

Good industrial relations bring industrial peace, which is turn tends to increase production. Good industrial relations increase the morale of the workers and motivate the workers to work more. When parties think of mutual interests, it gives more changes of newer development.

What are the disadvantages of collective bargaining?

What Are the Disadvantages of Collective Bargaining?

  • Collective bargaining comes at a cost.
  • Collective bargaining may require a dues payment.
  • Collective bargaining requires governance duties.
  • Collective bargaining may require everyone to be bound by the contract.

What are the four principles of collective bargaining?

These principles include the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining, along with freedom of association and the elimination of forced or compulsory labour, the effective abolition of child labour and the elimination of discrimination in employment and occupation.

How is collective bargaining based on Industrial Democracy?

Collective bargaining is based on the principle of industrial democracy where the labour union represents the workers in negotiations with the employer or employers. Industrial democracy is the government of labour with the consent of the governed—the workers.

How does collective bargaining relate to work relations?

In this regard, workers and employers can freely relate to efficiently negotiate work relations. The right of workers to meet, harmonise and uniformly negotiate their basic rights and interests with their employer is universally referred to as collective bargaining.

How are industrial disputes settled in collective bargaining?

Industrial disputes between the employee and employer can also be settled by discussion and negotiation between these two parties in order to arrive at a decision. This is also commonly known as collective bargaining as both the parties eventually agree to follow a decision that they arrive at after a lot of negotiation and discussion.

What are the disadvantages of industrial bargaining?

Disadvantages. Industrial disputes between the employee and employer can also be settled by discussion and negotiation between these two parties in order to arrive at a decision.

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