What wars happened in Afghanistan since 1970?
In the past 20 years, Afghans have endured an endless succession of wars: the 1979-1989 fight to drive out the Soviet Union military forces; three years of armed conflict between the mujahideen and the Soviet-supported communist government; two years of civil war among Afghan factions; and since 1994, the fighting …
What war started in 1979?
On December 24, 1979, the Soviet Union invades Afghanistan, under the pretext of upholding the Soviet-Afghan Friendship Treaty of 1978.
Who fought a war in Afghanistan from 1979 1989?
Nearly twenty-five years ago, the Soviet Union pulled its last troops out of Afghanistan, ending more than nine years of direct involvement and occupation.
What was the history of the war in Afghanistan?
Afghan War, in the history of Afghanistan, the internal conflict (1978–92) between anticommunist Muslim guerrillas and the Afghan communist government (aided in 1979–89 by Soviet troops). More broadly, the term also encompasses military activity within Afghanistan since 1992 involving domestic and foreign forces.
Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan in 1979?
A Soviet armoured vehicle rolling past a group of civilians during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, December 1979. The roots of the war lay in the overthrow of the centrist government of President Mohammad Daud Khan in April 1978 by left-wing military officers led by Nur Mohammad Taraki.
How many people have fled the war in Afghanistan?
Some 2.8 million Afghans have fled from the war to Pakistan, and another 1.5 million have fled to Iran. Afghan guerrillas gain control of rural areas, and Soviet troops hold urban areas.
Who was the US President during the war in Afghanistan?
Afghan president Hamid Karzai and U.S. president George W. Bush issue a joint declaration that pronounces their respective countries strategic partners. The declaration gives U.S. forces access to Afghan military facilities to prosecute “the war against international terror and the struggle against violent extremism.”.