Is chikungunya in Australia?
Although locally-acquired chikungunya has not been detected in Australia (to the end of June 2014), mosquitoes capable of transmitting chikungunya virus occur in north Queensland, Torres Strait and some locations in central and southern Queensland.
How long does chikungunya last in your body?
Most people recover fully, with symptoms resolving in three to 10 days. For some people, joint pain may continue for months, or even years. Death from complications of chikungunya is very rare, but the virus sometimes causes severe problems, mostly in older adults with other chronic illnesses.
Does chikungunya go away?
Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling. Most patients feel better within a week. In some people, the joint pain may persist for months.
What is the chikungunya virus?
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It is caused by the chikungunya virus (CHIKV). A CHIKV infection causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, joint swelling, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash.
What is the incubation period for Ebola?
The incubation period for Ebola, from exposure to when signs or symptoms appear, can be anywhere from 2 to 21 days. The average is 8 to 10 days.
Who is at risk for chikungunya?
Groups identified as having increased risk for more severe disease include neonates exposed intrapartum, adults >65 years of age, and people with underlying medical conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, or heart disease. Acute symptoms of chikungunya typically resolve in 7–10 days.
Which medicine is best for Chikungunya?
There are no specific drugs to treat chikungunya; doctors simply recommend rest and plenty of fluids. Over-the-counter medications will help ease fever and joint pain. These include: naproxen.
Is Chikungunya epidemic or pandemic?
Historically, chikungunya has been present mostly in the developing world. The disease causes an estimated 3 million infections each year. Epidemics in the Indian Ocean, Pacific Islands, and in the Americas, continue to change the distribution of the disease.
How do you know if someone has Ebola?
Primary signs and symptoms of Ebola often include some or several of the following:
- Aches and pains, such as severe headache and muscle and joint pain.
- Weakness and fatigue.
- Sore throat.
- Loss of appetite.
- Gastrointestinal symptoms including abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Is the Chikungunya virus endemic in Australia?
Travellers can become infected with the chikungunya virus if travelling to a region of the world where chikungunya is found. The chikungunya virus is not currently endemic in Australia. There have been no locally-acquired cases, though mosquitoes capable of spreading the virus are present in some areas of Queensland.
How is chikungunya related to Ross River virus?
Chikungunya is a viral disease which causes joint inflammation and general illness. It is caused by an arbovirus, of the alphavirus family, which also includes Ross River virus, Barmah Forest virus and the closely related O’nyong-nyong virus.
What are the symptoms of the Chikungunya virus?
The illness typically starts from 2 to 4 days after a person is bitten by an infected mosquito, but it can range from 1 to 12 days. The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include muscle pain, headache and rash.
Is there a cure or treatment for chikungunya?
Sometimes the symptoms in infected people are mild and may go unrecognised, or the disease may be misdiagnosed as another cause of fever and joint pain, such as dengue, Ross River or Barmah Forest Virus infection. Deaths due to chikungunya are rare. Chikungunya infection is diagnosed by a blood test. There is no specific treatment for chikungunya.